Sugar Beet Pulp Pellets
Growing of Sugar Beet
Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.ssp. vulgaris var. Altissima Doell) is cultivated world-wide, but primarily in moderate to temperate climates with sufficient rainfall. In the Northern hemisphere the growers are Europe (including Russia), USA, Canada, China, and Japan. In the Southern hemisphere the only grower is Chile. Today’s sugar beets have a sucrose content of approx. 15 - 20 % depending on climate, soil type, variety and cultivation methods.
The worldwide growing area for sugar beet is about 7.5 million hectares and the annual production of sugar beets is about 225 million tons. The leading producing European countries are France, Germany, United Kingdom and Russia. Only about 20-22% of all sugar produced worldwide is from sugar beets, with the majority originating from sugar cane.
By-products from sugar beet processing e.g., beet pulp and molasses, are the main sugar beet products fed to animals. Sugar beet pulp is effectively used in ruminant feeding due to its high fibre content (up to 25 % in the dry matter). It has the potential to replace significant
quantities of cereals in concentrate mixtures for dairy cattle. Incorporation rates of 30 % in the dry matter of diets for dairy cows and 50 % for beef cattle are possible.
The limiting factors of the by-products from sugar processing are the low protein content and the
high content of fibres, which are known to have a low efficiency of energy utilisation in monogastrics like for example pigs. Additionally, a high concentration of highly fermentable substances (sugars) might negatively affect rumen fermentation. Effects of specific ingredients (undesired substances and anti-nutrients) on animal health or on meat and milk quality are not known.